Individuals differ in the coping strategies they use to cope with the same stressful situation as they use different coping strategies as given by Endler & Parker
- Task-Oriented Strategy: This involves obtaining information about the stressful situation and about alternative courses of action and their probable outcome; it also involves deciding priorities and acting so as to deal directly with the stressful situation.
- Emotion-oriented Strategy: This can involve efforts to maintain hope and to control one’s emotions; it can also involve venting feelings of anger and frustration
- Avoidance-oriented Strategy: This involves denying or minimising the seriousness of the situation; it also involves conscious suppression of stressful thoughts and their replacement by self-protective thoughts. Examples of this are watching TV, phoning a friend, or trying to be with other people
- Examples (carry weightage)
Coping Strategies by Lazarus and Folkman
- Problem Focused Strategies with example
- Emotion Focused Strategies with example